Sadegh Amiri Hanzaki The city is known for its saffron and handmade carpet exports. Birjand is a fast-growing city and a major center of commerce in eastern Iran. It had two forts, one on a prominent high ground in the south and the other on low ground in the north of the city. undefined The old town was about three miles in circumference and had a few gardens and green fields known as Keshman in the southern sections. read more on Birjand commands a high strategic position in the eastern part of Iran, almost halfway between Zahedan (near the borders of Pakistan and Afghanistan) on the one hand, and Mashhad (center of Khorasan Razavi) on the other.